Social Studies Exam 7th Grade Study Guide

Vocabulary Definition
Ambush a suprise attack
Amendment an addition to a formal document such as the constitution
Apprentice assistant who is assigned to learn the trade of a skilled crasftsman
Autocracy government in which one person has unlimited power
Bicameral consisting of 2 houses, especially in legislature
Boycott to refuse to buy stuff from a certain country
Budget Deficit the amount by which gov. spending exceeds revenue
Burgesses elected rep. to an assembly
Cabinet a group of advisors to the pres.
Cash Crop crop raised to be sold for money
Cede to give up by treaty
Charter a doc. that gives the holder the right to organize settlements in an area
Charter Colony colony established by a group of people with a charter
Circumnavigation to sail around the world
Columbian Exchange exchange of stuff between the americas and europe
Committee of Correspondence an organization that spreads political ideas through the colonies
Constitution a formal plan of gov.
Cotton Gin a machine that removes seeds from cotton fibers
Effigy rag figure representing an unpopular figure
Electoral College a group of voters selected by their state's voters to vote for the pres. and vice pres.
Executive Branch the branch of gov., headed by the pres. that carries out the nations laws and polocies
Executive Order a rule issued by a chief executive that has the force of law
Export to sell goods abroad
Guerrilla Warfare a hit-and-run technique used in fighting a war
Import to buy goods from foreign markets
Indentured Servant laborer who agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to anerica
Iroquois Confederation a group of native americans in the eastern u.s. ( mohawk, seneca, cayuga, onondaga, oneida )
Joint-Stock Company a company in which investors buy stock in the company in return for a share of its future profit
Judicial Branch a branch of gov., consisting of the federal court system, that interprets the nations laws
Judicial Review to determine if a law violates the constitution
Legislative Branch a branch of gov., that makes the nation laws
Loyalists american colonists who remained loyal to britian
Mayflower Compact a doc. written in 1620, that provided law and order to the plymouth colony
Mercantilism the theory that a nations power depended on its wealth
Militia a group of civilians trained to fight in emergencies
Minutemen companies of civilian soldiers who boasted that they were ready to fight in a minutes notice
Patriots american colonists who were determined to fight Britain until america had independance
Pilgrims separatists who journeyed to the colonies during the 1600s for a religious purpose
Proprietary Colony colony run by individuals to whom land was granted
Puritans protestants who wanted to reform the anglican church
Royal Colony colony run by a gov. and a council appointed by the king or queen
Separatists protestants who wanted to leave the anglican church to found their own church
Smuggling trading illegally with other countries
Tariff a tax on imports/exports
Terrorism the use of violence by groups against civilians to achieve a political goal
Triangular Trade trade route between west indies, american colonies, and west africa
Veto to reject a bill
Writ of Assistance legal doc. that enabled officers to search homes for goods that might be smuggled
Yeoman southern owner of a small farm who did not have enslaved people

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